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Offshore wind

Wind turbines
Wind turbines

Offshore Wind is one of Scotland’s largest sources of renewable energy. 

There are currently five major offshore wind farms in Scottish waters, generating significant amounts of clean electricity and creating over 3,000 jobs. 

Offshore Wind has a big role to play in helping Scotland meet its key climate targets: 

  • Generating 50% of the country’s overall energy consumption from renewable sources by 2030 

  • Reaching net zero emissions by 2045 

We lease the seabed around Scotland for Offshore Wind projects, allowing developers to build the wind farms which will help us reach these targets.

How it works 

Energy from the wind is captured by huge turbines sited at sea.  

These turbines will either stand on a support built into the seabed, or on a floating support tethered to the seabed – which is more practical in deeper water. 

When the wind turns a turbine’s blades, the mechanism inside it transfers that motion to a gearbox, which drives an electromagnetic generator and produces electricity. 

That electricity is transmitted along cables which are buried in the seabed. It passes through a sequence of substations and cabling until it enters the National Grid, where it contributes to powering all our electrical devices across the country. 

How we contribute 

As well as awarding and managing leases, we contribute to the success of Offshore Wind in Scotland by: 

  • Supporting developers through the various stages of planning and construction 

  • Collaborating on efforts to tackle environmental and technical issues 

  • Working with industry to reduce costs and build investor confidence 

  • Supporting supply chain development 

In June 2020, we launched ScotWind, the first round of seabed leasing for offshore wind in Scottish waters in over a decade

ScotWind will kickstart Scotland’s green recovery, bringing multi-billion pound investments which will benefit communities across the nation – and bringing Scotland closer to our climate goals.